Details for 2019 Drinking Water Report

City of Onamia 2019 Drinking Water Report Making Safe Drinking Water Your drinking water comes from a groundwater source: two wells ranging from 88 to 101 feet deep, that draw water from the Quaternary Buried Artesian aquifer. Onamia works hard to provide you with safe and reliable drinking water that meets federal and state water quality requirements. The purpose of this report is to provide you with information on your drinking water and how to protect our precious water resources. Contact Gene Falconer, Water operator superintendent, at (320) 630-6450 or cityshop@mlecmn.net if you have questions about Onamias drinking water. You can also ask for information about how you can take part in decisions that may affect water quality. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency sets safe drinking water standards. These standards limit the amounts of specific contaminants allowed in drinking water. This ensures that tap water is safe to drink for most people. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulates the amount of certain contaminants in bottled water. Bottled water must provide the same public health protection as public tap water. Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agencys Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1 800 426 4791. Onamia Monitoring Results This report contains our monitoring results from January 1 to December 31, 2019. We work with the Minnesota Department of Health to test drinking water for more than 100 contaminants. It is not unusual to detect contaminants in small amounts. No water supply is ever completely free of contaminants. Drinking water standards protect Minnesotans from substances that may be harmful to their health. Learn more by visiting the Minnesota Department of Healths webpage Basics of Monitoring and testing of Drinking Water in Minnesota (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/factsheet/sampling.html). How to Read the Water Quality Data Tables The tables below show the contaminants we found last year or the most recent time we sampled for that contaminant. They also show the levels of those contaminants and the Environmental Protection Agencys limits. Substances that we tested for but did not find are not included in the tables. We sample for some contaminants less than once a year because their levels in water are not expected to change from year to year. If we found any of these contaminants the last time we sampled for them, we included them in the tables below with the detection date. We may have done additional monitoring for contaminants that are not included in the Safe Drinking Water Act. To request a copy of these results, call the Minnesota Department of Health at 651-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. Definitions AL (Action Level): The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow. EPA: Environmental Protection Agency MCL (Maximum contaminant level): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology. MCLG (Maximum contaminant level goal): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety. MRDL (Maximum residual disinfectant level): The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants. MRDLG (Maximum residual disinfectant level goal): The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants. N/A (Not applicable): Does not apply. pCi/l (picocuries per liter): A measure of radioactivity. ppb (parts per billion): One part per billion in water is like one drop in one billion drops of water, or about one drop in a swimming pool. ppb is the same as micrograms per liter (g/l). ppm (parts per million): One part per million is like one drop in one million drops of water, or about one cup in a swimming pool. ppm is the same as milligrams per liter (mg/l). PWSID: Public water system identification. Monitoring Results Regulated Substances Total HAA refers to HAA5 Potential Health Effects and Corrective Actions (If Applicable) Fluoride: Fluoride is natures cavity fighter, with small amounts present naturally in many drinking water sources. There is an overwhelming weight of credible, peer-reviewed, scientific evidence that fluoridation reduces tooth decay and cavities in children and adults, even when there is availability of fluoride from other sources, such as fluoride toothpaste and mouth rinses. Since studies show that optimal fluoride levels in drinking water benefit public health, municipal community water systems adjust the level of fluoride in the water to a concentration between 0.5 to 1.5 parts per million (ppm), with an optimal fluoridation goal between 0.7 and 1.2 ppm to protect your teeth. Fluoride levels below 2.0 ppm are not expected to increase the risk of a cosmetic condition known as enamel fluorosis. Monitoring Results Unregulated Substances In addition to testing drinking water for contaminants regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act, we sometimes also monitor for contaminants that are not regulated. Unregulated contaminants do not have legal limits for drinking water. Detection alone of a regulated or unregulated contaminant should not cause concern. The meaning of a detection should be determined considering current health effects information. We are often still learning about the health effects, so this information can change over time. The following table shows the unregulated contaminants we detected last year, as well as human-health based guidance values for comparison, where available. The comparison values are based only on potential health impacts and do not consider our ability to measure contaminants at very low concentrations or the cost and technology of prevention and/or treatment. They may be set at levels that are costly, challenging, or impossible for water systems to meet (for example, large-scale treatment technology may not exist for a given contaminant). A person drinking water with a contaminant at or below the comparison value would be at little or no risk for harmful health effects. If the level of a contaminant is above the comparison value, people of a certain age or with special health conditions - like a fetus, infants, children, elderly, and people with impaired immunity may need to take extra precautions. Because these contaminants are unregulated, EPA and MDH require no particular action based on detection of an unregulated contaminant. We are notifying you of the unregulated contaminants we have detected as a public education opportunity. More information is available on MDHs A-Z List of Contaminants in Water (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/contaminants/index.html) and Fourth Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 4) (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/com/ucmr4.html). *Note that home water softening can increase the level of sodium in your water. Some People Are More Vulnerable to Contaminants in Drinking Water Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. The developing fetus and therefore pregnant women may also be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water. These people or their caregivers should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1 800 426 4791. Learn More about Your Drinking Water Drinking Water Sources Minnesotas primary drinking water sources are groundwater and surface water. Groundwater is the water found in aquifers beneath the surface of the land. Groundwater supplies 75 percent of Minnesotas drinking water. Surface water is the water in lakes, rivers, and streams above the surface of the land. Surface water supplies 25 percent of Minnesotas drinking water. Contaminants can get in drinking water sources from the natural environment and from peoples daily activities. There are five main types of contaminants in drinking water sources. Microbial contaminants, such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Sources include sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, pets, and wildlife. Inorganic contaminants include salts and metals from natural sources (e.g. rock and soil), oil and gas production, mining and farming operations, urban stormwater runoff, and wastewater discharges. Pesticides and herbicides are chemicals used to reduce or kill unwanted plants and pests. Sources include agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and commercial and residential properties. Organic chemical contaminants include synthetic and volatile organic compounds. Sources include industrial processes and petroleum production, gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems. Radioactive contaminants such as radium, thorium, and uranium isotopes come from natural sources (e.g. radon gas from soils and rock), mining operations, and oil and gas production. The Minnesota Department of Health provides information about your drinking water source(s) in a source water assessment, including: How Onamia is protecting your drinking water source(s); Nearby threats to your drinking water sources; How easily water and pollution can move from the surface of the land into drinking water sources, based on natural geology and the way wells are constructed. Find your source water assessment at Source Water Assessments (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/swp/swa) or call 651-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. Lead in Drinking Water You may be in contact with lead through paint, water, dust, soil, food, hobbies, or your job. Coming in contact with lead can cause serious health problems for everyone. There is no safe level of lead. Babies, children under six years, and pregnant women are at the highest risk. Lead is rarely in a drinking water source, but it can get in your drinking water as it passes through lead service lines and your household plumbing system. Onamia is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but it cannot control the plumbing materials used in private buildings. Read below to learn how you can protect yourself from lead in drinking water. 1. Let the water run for 30-60 seconds before using it for drinking or cooking if the water has not been turned on in over six hours. If you have a lead service line, you may need to let the water run longer. A service line is the underground pipe that brings water from the main water pipe under the street to your home. You can find out if you have a lead service line by contacting your public water system, or you can check by following the steps at: https://www.mprnews.org/story/2016/06/24/npr-find-lead-pipes-in-your-home The only way to know if lead has been reduced by letting it run is to check with a test. If letting the water run does not reduce lead, consider other options to reduce your exposure. 2. Use cold water for drinking, making food, and making baby formula. Hot water releases more lead from pipes than cold water. 3. Test your water. In most cases, letting the water run and using cold water for drinking and cooking should keep lead levels low in your drinking water. If you are still concerned about lead, arrange with a laboratory to test your tap water. Testing your water is important if young children or pregnant women drink your tap water. Contact a Minnesota Department of Health accredited laboratory to get a sample container and instructions on how to submit a sample: Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (https://eldo.web.health.state.mn.us/public/accreditedlabs/labsearch.seam) The Minnesota Department of Health can help you understand your test results. 4. Treat your water if a test shows your water has high levels of lead after you let the water run. Read about water treatment units: Point-of-Use Water Treatment Units for Lead Reduction (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/factsheet/poulead.html) Learn more: Visit Lead in Drinking Water (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/contaminants/lead.html) Visit Basic Information about Lead in Drinking Water (http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead) Call the EPA Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1 800 426 4791.To learn about how to reduce your contact with lead from sources other than your drinking water, visit Lead Poisoning Prevention: Common Sources (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/lead/sources.html). Published in the Mille Lacs Messenger June 24, 2020 1054886

CITY OF ONAMIA
2019 DRINKING WATER REPORT

Making Safe Drinking Water
Your drinking water comes from a groundwater source: two wells ranging from 88 to 101 feet deep, that draw
water from the Quaternary Buried Artesian aquifer.
Onamia works hard to provide you with safe and reliable drinking water that meets federal and state water
quality requirements. The purpose of this report is to provide you with information on your drinking water and how
to protect our precious water resources.
Contact Gene Falconer, Water operator superintendent, at (320) 630-6450 or cityshop@mlecmn.net if you
have questions about Onamia’s drinking water. You can also ask for information about how you can take part in
decisions that may affect water quality.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency sets safe drinking water standards. These standards limit the
amounts of specific contaminants allowed in drinking water. This ensures that tap water is safe to drink for most
people. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulates the amount of certain contaminants in bottled water.
Bottled water must provide the same public health protection as public tap water.
Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of
some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk.
More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental
Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1 800 426 4791.
Onamia Monitoring Results
This report contains our monitoring results from January 1 to December 31, 2019.
We work with the Minnesota Department of Health to test drinking water for more than 100 contaminants. It is
not unusual to detect contaminants in small amounts. No water supply is ever completely free of contaminants.
Drinking water standards protect Minnesotans from substances that may be harmful to their health.
Learn more by visiting the Minnesota Department of Health’s webpage Basics of Monitoring and testing
of Drinking Water in Minnesota (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/factsheet/
sampling.html).
How to Read the Water Quality Data Tables
The tables below show the contaminants we found last year or the most recent time we sampled for that
contaminant. They also show the levels of those contaminants and the Environmental Protection Agency’s limits.
Substances that we tested for but did not find are not included in the tables.
We sample for some contaminants less than once a year because their levels in water are not expected to
change from year to year. If we found any of these contaminants the last time we sampled for them, we included
them in the tables below with the detection date.
We may have done additional monitoring for contaminants that are not included in the Safe Drinking Water
Act. To request a copy of these results, call the Minnesota Department of Health at 651-201-4700 or 1-800-8189318 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday.
Definitions
• AL (Action Level): The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.
• EPA: Environmental Protection Agency
• MCL (Maximum contaminant level): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.
MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.
• MCLG (Maximum contaminant level goal): The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is
no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.
• MRDL (Maximum residual disinfectant level): The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.
There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.
• MRDLG (Maximum residual disinfectant level goal): The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which
there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to
control microbial contaminants.
• N/A (Not applicable): Does not apply.
• pCi/l (picocuries per liter): A measure of radioactivity.
• ppb (parts per billion): One part per billion in water is like one drop in one billion drops of water, or about
one drop in a swimming pool. ppb is the same as micrograms per liter (μg/l).
• ppm (parts per million): One part per million is like one drop in one million drops of water, or about one cup
in a swimming pool. ppm is the same as milligrams per liter (mg/l).
• PWSID: Public water system identification.
Monitoring Results – Regulated Substances

tooth decay and cavities in children and adults, even when there is availability of fluoride from other sources, such
as fluoride toothpaste and mouth rinses. Since studies show that optimal fluoride levels in drinking water benefit
public health, municipal community water systems adjust the level of fluoride in the water to a concentration
between 0.5 to 1.5 parts per million (ppm), with an optimal fluoridation goal between 0.7 and 1.2 ppm to protect
your teeth. Fluoride levels below 2.0 ppm are not expected to increase the risk of a cosmetic condition known
as enamel fluorosis.
Monitoring Results – Unregulated Substances
In addition to testing drinking water for contaminants regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act, we sometimes also monitor for contaminants that are not regulated. Unregulated contaminants do not have legal limits
for drinking water.
Detection alone of a regulated or unregulated contaminant should not cause concern. The meaning of a detection should be determined considering current health effects information. We are often still learning about the
health effects, so this information can change over time.
The following table shows the unregulated contaminants we detected last year, as well as human-health based
guidance values for comparison, where available. The comparison values are based only on potential health
impacts and do not consider our ability to measure contaminants at very low concentrations or the cost and
technology of prevention and/or treatment. They may be set at levels that are costly, challenging, or impossible
for water systems to meet (for example, large-scale treatment technology may not exist for a given contaminant).
A person drinking water with a contaminant at or below the comparison value would be at little or no risk for
harmful health effects. If the level of a contaminant is above the comparison value, people of a certain age or
with special health conditions - like a fetus, infants, children, elderly, and people with impaired immunity – may
need to take extra precautions. Because these contaminants are unregulated, EPA and MDH require no particular
action based on detection of an unregulated contaminant. We are notifying you of the unregulated contaminants
we have detected as a public education opportunity.
• More information is available on MDH’s A-Z List of Contaminants in Water (https://www.health.state.mn.us/
communities/environment/water/contaminants/index.html) and Fourth Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring
Rule (UCMR 4) (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/com/ucmr4.html).
UNREGULATED CONTAMINANTS – Tested in drinking water.
Contaminant Comparison Highest AverRange of
Value
age Result or
Detected
Highest Single
Test Results
Test Result
Sodium*
20 ppm
10.5 ppm
N/A

Range of
Detected
Test Results

Violation

Typical Sources

0.49 - 0.93
ppm

NO

Erosion of natural
deposits; Water
additive to promote
strong teeth.

*Note that home water softening can increase the level of sodium in your water.
Some People Are More Vulnerable to Contaminants in Drinking Water
Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone
organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be
particularly at risk from infections. The developing fetus and therefore pregnant women may also be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water. These people or their caregivers should seek advice about drinking
water from their health care providers. EPA/Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means
to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe
Drinking Water Hotline at 1 800 426 4791.
Learn More about Your Drinking Water
Drinking Water Sources
Minnesota’s primary drinking water sources are groundwater and surface water. Groundwater is the water
found in aquifers beneath the surface of the land. Groundwater supplies 75 percent of Minnesota’s drinking water. Surface water is the water in lakes, rivers, and streams above the surface of the land. Surface water supplies
25 percent of Minnesota’s drinking water.
Contaminants can get in drinking water sources from the natural environment and from people’s daily activities. There are five main types of contaminants in drinking water sources.
• Microbial contaminants, such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Sources include sewage treatment
plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, pets, and wildlife.
• Inorganic contaminants include salts and metals from natural sources (e.g. rock and soil), oil and gas production, mining and farming operations, urban stormwater runoff, and wastewater discharges.
LEAD AND COPPER – Tested at customer taps.
• Pesticides and herbicides are chemicals used to reduce or kill unwanted plants and pests. Sources include
agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and commercial and residential properties.
Contaminant
EPA’s
EPA’s Action
90% of
Number of
Violation
Typical Sources
• Organic chemical contaminants include synthetic and volatile organic compounds. Sources include indus(Date, if sampled Ideal Goal
Level
Results Were Homes with
trial processes and petroleum production, gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems.
in previous year)
(MCLG)
Less Than
High Levels
• Radioactive contaminants such as radium, thorium, and uranium isotopes come from natural sources (e.g.
Lead (08/14/17)
0 ppb
90% of
3.1 ppb
1 out of 10
NO
Corrosion of
radon gas from soils and rock), mining operations, and oil and gas production.
homes less
household
The Minnesota Department of Health provides information about your drinking water source(s) in a source
than 15 ppb
plumbing.
water assessment, including:
Copper
0 ppm
90% of
0.57 ppm
0 out of 10
NO
Corrosion of
• How Onamia is protecting your drinking water source(s);
(08/14/17)
homes less
household
• Nearby threats to your drinking water sources;
than 1.3 ppm
plumbing.
• How easily water and pollution can move from the surface of the land into drinking water sources, based on
natural geology and the way wells are constructed.
INORGANIC & ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS – Tested in drinking water.
Find your source water assessment at Source Water Assessments (https://www.health.state.mn.us/
Contaminant
EPA’s
EPA’s Limit
Highest AverRange of
Violation
Typical Sources
communities/environment/water/swp/swa) or call 651-201-4700 or 1-800-818-9318 between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30
(Date, if sampled Ideal Goal
(MCL)
age or HighDetected
p.m., Monday through Friday.
in previous year)
(MCLG)
est Single
Test Results
Lead in Drinking Water
Test Result
You may be in contact with lead through paint, water, dust, soil, food, hobbies, or your job. Coming in contact
Barium (03/12/18)
2 ppm
2 ppm
0.18 ppm
N/A
NO
Discharge of drillwith lead can cause serious health problems for everyone. There is no safe level of lead. Babies, children under
ing wastes; Discharge from metal six years, and pregnant women are at the highest risk.
Lead is rarely in a drinking water source, but it can get in your drinking water as it passes through lead service
refineries; Erosion
of natural deposit. lines and your household plumbing system. Onamia is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but
it cannot control the plumbing materials used in private buildings.
Gross
Alpha
0 pCi/l
15.4 pCi/l
1.5 pCi/l
N/A
NO
Erosion of natural
Read below to learn how you can protect yourself from lead in drinking water.
(2018)
deposits.
1. Let the water run for 30-60 seconds before using it for drinking or cooking if the water has not been turned
Combined Radi0 pCi/l
5.4 pCi/l
0.3 pCi/l
N/A
NO
Erosion of natural
on in over six hours. If you have a lead service line, you may need to let the water run longer. A service line is the
um (2018)
deposits.
underground pipe that brings water from the main water pipe under the street to your home.
• You can find out if you have a lead service line by contacting your public water system, or you can check by
CONTAMINANTS RELATED TO DISINFECTION – Tested in drinking water.
following the steps at: https://www.mprnews.org/story/2016/06/24/npr-find-lead-pipes-in-your-home
Substance (Date,
EPA’s
EPA’s Limit
Highest AverRange of
Violation
Typical Sources
• The only way to know if lead has been reduced by letting it run is to check with a test. If letting the water run
if sampled in
Ideal Goal
(MCL or
age or HighDetected
does not reduce lead, consider other options to reduce your exposure.
previous year)
(MCLG or
MRDL)
est Single
Test Results
2. Use cold water for drinking, making food, and making baby formula. Hot water releases more lead from
MRDLG)
Test Result
pipes than cold water.
Total TrihalomethN/A
80 ppb
10.3 ppb
N/A
NO
By-product of
3. Test your water. In most cases, letting the water run and using cold water for drinking and cooking should
anes (TTHMs)
drinking water
keep lead levels low in your drinking water. If you are still concerned about lead, arrange with a laboratory to test
disinfection.
your tap water. Testing your water is important if young children or pregnant women drink your tap water.
Total Haloacetic
N/A
60 ppb
12.6 ppb
N/A
NO
By-product of
• Contact a Minnesota Department of Health accredited laboratory to get a sample container and instructions
Acids (HAA)
drinking water
on how to submit a sample:
disinfection.
Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (https://eldo.web.health.state.mn.us/public/accreditedlabs/
Total Chlorine
4.0 ppm
4.0 ppm
2.01 ppm
1.06 - 2.38
NO
Water additive
labsearch.seam)
ppm
used to control
The Minnesota Department of Health can help you understand your test results.
microbes.
4. Treat your water if a test shows your water has high levels of lead after you let the water run.
Total HAA refers to HAA5
• Read about water treatment units:
Point-of-Use Water Treatment Units for Lead Reduction (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/
OTHER SUBSTANCES – Tested in drinking water.
environment/water/factsheet/poulead.html)
Substance (Date,
EPA’s
EPA’s Limit
Highest AverRange of
Violation
Typical Sources
Learn more:
if sampled in
Ideal Goal
(MCL)
age or HighDetected
• Visit Lead in Drinking Water (https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/water/contaminants/
previous year)
(MCLG)
est Single
Test Results
lead.html)
Test Result
• Visit Basic Information about Lead in Drinking Water (http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead)
Fluoride
4.0 ppm
4.0 ppm
0.72 ppm
0.49 - 0.93
NO
Erosion of natural
• Call the EPA Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1 800 426 4791.To learn about how to reduce your contact with
ppm
deposits; Water
lead from sources other than your drinking water, visit Lead Poisoning Prevention: Common Sources (https://
additive to promote strong teeth. www.health.state.mn.us/communities/environment/lead/sources.html).
Published in the
Potential Health Effects and Corrective Actions (If Applicable)
Mille Lacs Messenger
Fluoride: Fluoride is nature’s cavity fighter, with small amounts present naturally in many drinking water
June 24, 2020
sources. There is an overwhelming weight of credible, peer-reviewed, scientific evidence that fluoridation reduces
1054886

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